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By the time of the Yalta conference, Western allied forces had liberated all of France and Belgium and fought on Germany`s western border. To the east, Soviet troops were 65 km from Berlin, having already repelled the Germans from Poland, Romania and Bulgaria. There were no more questions about the German defeat. It was the new form of post-war Europe. [2] [3] [4] The aim of the conference was to build a post-war peace that was not only a collective security order, but also a plan to give self-determination to the liberated peoples of post-Nazi Europe. The meeting should focus on the restoration of the nations of war-torn Europe. But within a few years, as the Cold War divided the continent, Yalta became the subject of intense controversy. When the Cold War became a reality in the years following Yalta`s conference, many critics of Roosevelt`s foreign policy accused him of having “exhausted” himself at the meeting and of naively letting Stalin naively follow his path. It seems doubtful, however, that Roosevelt had much choice. He secured Russian participation in the war against Japan (Russia declared war on Japan on August 8, 1945), established the fundamental principles of the United Nations and did as much as possible to resolve the question of Poland. When the Second World War was still raging, his main interest was the maintenance of the Great Alliance. He thought that boring political issues could be postponed and resolved after the war.

Unfortunately, Roosevelt never had that chance – almost exactly two months after the end of the conference, Roosevelt had a stroke and died. The Yalta Conference, also known as the Crimean Conference and codenamed Argonaut, took place from 4 to 11 February 1945, was the meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union during World War II to discuss the post-war organization of Germany and Europe. The three states were represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Prime Minister Joseph Stalin. The conference took place near Yalta in Crimea, Soviet Union, in the Livadia, Yusupov and Vorontsov palaces.